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For the transport of ballast filling in the construction of Norbergs mine railway.


History

History During the 19th century, Sweden's network of lakes and canals was very well developed and was largely the reason for the lack of a properly developed land-based transport system. Boat traffic satisfied most transport requirements but there were important industries that lacked access to water-courses, making the transport of raw materials both slow and costly. One of these industries was ore extraction in Bergslagen. The growth of the railways in England during the early 19th century was duly noted and it was easy to see how the transportation of ore from the Kärrgruvan mine to Lake Åmänningen could become highly efficient using a similar system. In 1853 the first Swedish-built steam locomotive was ready for delivery from Munktells Mekaniska Verkstad.

Förstlingen had been born!

This signalled the start of a whole series of locomotives for private rail networks, primarily in the Bergslagen region. The first ten locomotives came from the Munktell workshops in Eskilstuna. In other words, it was here that Sweden's railway history was born. 

The 21st century.

"Sveriges Tåghistoria" (Sweden's Railway History) was written by C. Bengt Ohlin, former press officer at Bolinder-Munktell, and was published in 1997. (The book can be purchased at the museum.) While writing the book, Bengt Ohlin started toying with the idea of building a driveable full-scale replica. One problem, of course, was that the original drawings had disappeared and only a copy of the assembly drawing was available. Nonetheless, based on this drawing and a few original components stored at the Railway Museum in Gävle, Bengt Ohlin recreated the necessary drawings (about a hundred of them) and arrived at a production calculation. The "Förstlingen II Association" was founded in 2001 in order to finance the project and to organise and implement production and assembly and so on. The members of the Association included companies, organisations and private individuals. Through TGOJ Trafik, premises and tools were made available and with the dedication of many private individuals and a wide range of sponsors, Förstlingen II was ready to be unveiled on 24 Aug 2004. The replica of Förstlingen is owned and cared for by the "Förstlingen II Association" Between its various "official duties", Förstlingen II can be seen on display at the Munktell Museum.

Munktells Förstlingen

 

Introduced                                                    1853

Engine                                                            Steam

Effect                                                              20 hp

Weight                                                            5 619 kg

Tops speed                                                    13 km/h

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This model can be seen at theMunktell Museum. Scale about 1:10